A conservative fourth-order real space method for the (2+1)D Dirac equation

Modelling the time-dependent (2+1)D Dirac equation has recently gained importance since this equation effectively describes multiple condensed matter systems. To avoid the large dispersion errors of second-order real space schemes, a highly accurate method is presented here instead. The method utilises a fourth-order central difference on a staggered grid and an explicit symplectic Partitioned Runge–Kutta […]

Conservative second-order accurate finite-difference scheme for the coupled Maxwell-Dirac equations

The recent development of nanoelectronic devices that incorporate Dirac materials has highly increased the need for adequate simulation and modelling tools. This paper introduces an accurate, multiphysics finite-difference time-domain method to solve the pertinent Maxwell-Dirac equations. The stability criterion for the Dirac equation with electromagnetic fields is derived, which reduces to the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition in […]